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Raspberry Pi 3 Benchmarks

I try to make it short for now as I spent a very week just before my vacation on trying set up proper benchmarking environments. Generally the overall experience of getting Caffe running on plain vanilla OSX, Ubuntu and RasPi Jessies is horrible. I will publish my really working scripts after I get back.

Putting this aside I wanted to see the numbers for devices seeing a cat in 'cat.jpg' with Squeezenet.

I grabbed the necessary files from

With Caffe on CPU

time ./build/examples/cpp_classification/classification.bin \
models/squeezenet11/deploy.prototxt \
models/squeezenet11/squeezenet_v1.1.caffemodel \
data/ilsvrc12/imagenet_mean.binaryproto \
data/ilsvrc12/synset_words.txt \

gives me following averages:
- 0.15s (Macbook Air 13", early 2015, 1,6 Ghz Intel Core i5, 8Gb RAM running macOS Sierra)
- 0.19s (Lenovo Thinkpad T420S running latest Ubuntu)
- 1.1s (RasPi 3 running RasPi Jessie)

Now hacking as follows
print (str(
output, userobj = graph.GetResult()
print (str(
order = output.argsort()[::-1][:6]
print (str(
the Movidius stick gives me from an Ubuntu averages of
- 0.307s on cat.jpg.

What should I run/test on to get numbers that give me a bigger smile? :)

PS: does anyone have a working install script for OpenCV on RasPi for Python3 (maybe without virtualenv)? That part is kinda just mentioned in the video, but the Interwebz give the general blob of almost working nothings in the topic -- it's especially painful as compiling OpenCV on a RasPi is far from being instant.


  • 6 Comments sorted by Votes Date Added
  • edited August 2017 Vote Up1Vote Down

    Been down that path before... For RasPi, takes about an hour if I'm remembering correctly. The OpenCV part:

    cd ~
    wget -O
    wget -O

    cd ~/opencv-3.1.0/
    mkdir build
    cd build
    make -j4
    sudo make install
    sudo ldconfig

    I use the following to get stuff in place prior to installing OpenCV (some of it specific to what I'm doing and some of it not needed for OpenCV, but...):

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get upgrade
    sudo apt-get install build-essential cmake pkg-config
    sudo apt-get install libjpeg-dev libtiff5-dev libjasper-dev libpng12-dev
    sudo apt-get install libavcodec-dev libavformat-dev libswscale-dev libv4l-dev
    sudo apt-get install libxvidcore-dev libx264-dev
    sudo apt-get install libgtk2.0-dev
    sudo apt-get install libatlas-base-dev gfortran
    sudo apt-get install tesseract-ocr
    sudo apt-get install python2.7-dev python3-dev
    sudo apt-get install avahi-daemon

    sudo pip3 install picamera
    sudo pip3 install matplotlib
    sudo pip3 install numpy
    sudo pip3 install pytesseract

  • @soobrosa Recompiling the graph file for SqueezeNet_v1.1 with the -s 12 option may give you a bigger smile.

    This requires you to modify the deploy.prototxt file by changing the batch size to 1 (the default value is 10).

    You can recompile the graph file by using mvNCCompile.pyc (included with the Movidius NCS SDK) using the squeezenet_v1.1.caffemodel weights and the -s 12 option which will enable usage of all 12 SHAVE vector processors simultaneously.

    Afterwards, you can copy the new graph file over to the ncapi/networks/SqueezeNet directory and re-run with the "3" option to specify the SqueezeNet network.

    Thank you and let us know your results.

  • This is somewhat disappointing news. .307s ?

  • @Tome_at_Intel @chrispete thanks for weighing in!

    -s 12 with Squeezenet 1.1 ended up with 41(!) ms. Impressive!

    I made a short write-up here:

  • 41 ms is impressive. That was on a Raspberry Pi? Thanks for a great review.
    Hope to see something with R CNN or YOLO type detection speeds.

    I read the new Myriad X chip set only has 16 shave cores. Seems like it
    should get about the same results.
    Even though its on the front page of the Intel site
    the specs and release dates are quite sketchy.

  • @chicagobob123 technically it was on the Neural Stick, but I tried from both the Ubuntu and the Raspbian and it was the same 41 ms.

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